Printing and Publishing Services
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) covers four modes of delivery of services in cross border trade. Typical examples of trade in Printing and Publishing services in four modes of supply are as under:
|Cross Border Services (Mode 1)||Cross border supply of Printing and Publishing services using technological means.|
|Consumption abroad (Mode 2)||Usage of Printing and Publishing services in the territory of another country. For Example: An American client visit India and uses the service of an Indian Publisher to print his book.|
|Commercial Presence (Mode 3)||Expansion of a Printing and Publishing firm into foreign country.
For Example: An Indian Printing firm establishes an office in USA.
|Movement of natural persons (Mode 4)||Printing and Publishing Professionals enter into a foreign territory to provide their services.
For Example: An Indian professional Provides his services by visiting a client in USA.